Stem cells are basically the repair cells in the body that replaces the damaged area to heal the ligament or the tissue. As the human body grows older, stem cells don’t suffice the injured area to heal it completely. In this period, the person averts the eyes from the management of pain and thus leads to excruciating pain in the future. This leads to a series of surgeries to restore the strength at the joint. To avoid this, Stem cell therapy comes into the picture.
What is Stem Cell therapy?
Stem Cell Therapy is a healthy procedure in which stem cells are generally extracted from the patient’s blood bone marrow, or umbilical cord to treat the chronic or even life-threatening diseases. The therapy has shown positive results for the treatment of over 80 disorders. The bone marrow extraction is done by nominal invasive surgical procedure and it only takes around half an hour.
This therapy is a runaway from conventional therapies and most promising as compared to the same.
Sources & Types of Stem Cell
Every human organ and tissue is built on the foundation of the Stem cell. They are also formed at different stages of life. Here below are the different types of stem cell.
- Adult Stem Cell: This has got a misleading name. They are present in infants and children too. Adult Stem Cell can be found in bone marrow, blood, and even on the skin. Adult Stem Cell is also called as Non-Embryonic Stem Cell.
- Embryonic Stem Cell: During the early stage of the pregnancy, the sperm fertilizes egg and forms embryo, the embryo evolves into a blastocyst and that blastocyst contains stem cell. These stem cells are used for IVF. As of now, the use of embryonic Stem cell is restricted in India.
- Mesenchymal Stem Cell(MSC): MSC’s come from the tissue that surrounds the joint. This type of cell helps to create new tissues and solve a number of health problems. It is also called as Stromal Cells by the scientists.
- Induced Pluripotent Cells(IPC): This type of stem cells are engineered in the lab by converting skin cells or tissue-specific cells. They are also helpful in developing new drugs and therapies.
Misconceptions about Stem Cell Therapy
Bone marrow is the only source of extraction to carry out Stem Cell Therapy. No, it’s not. Adult stem cells and umbilical cord are two more sources to go ahead with the therapy.
- Stem Cell therapy is unsafe. According to the statistics, the use of adult stem cells has minimal side effects and it avoids any transmittable disease if extracted from own body.
- The therapy is unproven. There have been many patients who were potential candidates for the therapy but stepped back due to false knowledge fed in the ears by the layman. Stem cell therapies are now known as one of the best treatments for orthopedic injuries and have been proven a fast recovery than any other conventional therapies.
- Same as Platelet Rich Plasma(PRP) Therapy. However, PRP is the injection of platelets in the blood to speed up the healing process while their fundamentals might sound same while describing PRP in a metaphoric way, it kicks starts the healing process by extracting blood from veins.
The scenario of Stem Cell Therapy across the world
In the Western World, Stem Cell Therapy has become part of many individuals and consider it as no miracle.
But the cost of the therapy burns a hole for the middle-class people. But if we consider, Stem Cell therapy in India, it’s the house of affordable medical treatment. The familiar standard stem cell therapy procedure costs about 25% of the foreign currency(USA) in India.
The success rate of Stem Cell Therapy in India has increased over the years with the mean value of at least 70%. There’s a lot of research and technological advancements seen in India over this decade.
A lot of patents has been filed by the research labs related to the therapy. This eventually proves that India has been defeating all the hindrance related to the technology advancements. Thus, Stem cell therapy is a step towards the management of pain by involving healthy procedures to heal the joints and discard degenerative disc diseases.